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#BlackLivesMatter: “Toward an Algorithm of Black Suffering during the Civil War and Reconstruction”, J19: The Journal of Nineteenth Century Americanists, Forum on Cultural Meaning of Suffering, Vol. 4, No. 1, Spring 2016
“Who Got Bloody?: The Cultural Meaning of Blood during the Civil War and Reconstruction,” in Kimberly Anne Coles, Ralph Bauer, Zita Nunes, Carla Peterson, eds., The Cultural Politics of Blood, Palgrave MacMillan, 2014
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